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Geography

Reception

In Reception, the children follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum. Geography is covered in the area of learning called ‘Understand the World.’ Within this, the children learn about their own environments and how these may vary as a result of human activity.

Year 1

In Year 1 children learn to locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surroundings. The children look at this within their geography lead learning journey called ‘I Spy’. The children are taught to understand geographical similarities and differences buy studying a small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European county. The children identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world. This learning journey also has cross curricular links with Art, ICT and History.

Year 2

In Year 2 the children respond to topical news stories; in particular finding the locations in an atlas and other suitable maps (including use of ICT) and following up any geographical issues, e.g. climate, land use, land features, etc. In the learning journey ‘Here and There’ the children contrast our local village of Banstead to a small village in Asia. We visit our local area to identify different services – retail and leisure – and compare these to our contrasting village. We draw a bird’s eye view map of the two villages and create keys to help show the different contrasts. Using cross curricular links, the children study art from southern Asia and link our science learning of Animals to our contrasting localities whilst looking at climate and adaptation.

Year 3

In Year 3 pupils will be extending their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe. They will locate the world’s countries using maps to focus on Europe, concentrating on environmental regions, key physical features and human characteristics, countries and major cities. Through Year 3’s learning journey on ‘How and why has Banstead changed during the years?’  the children will be able to describe and understand how key aspects of human and physical geography can change an area and compare the similarities and differences of Banstead. The children will use simple field work and observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local areas using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and digital technologies.

Year 4

In Year 4 pupils will be extending their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe and North and South America. They will locate the world’s countries using maps to focus on these areas, concentrating on environmental regions, key physical features and human characteristics, countries and major cities. They will name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key features such as hills, mountains, coasts and rivers and how these have changed over time. Pupils will use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate areas in North and South America.

Year 5

In Year 5 pupils will be extending their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom and Europe and North and South America. They will name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key features such as hills, mountains, coasts and rivers and how these have changed over time. Pupils will use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate areas in North and South America. In our geography-led learning journey we carry out a project looking into whether Banstead High Street should be closed to traffic. Within this project we research into how we can save the environment, looking at noise pollution, litter pollution and sound pollution.  This topic also allows children to take on field work, visiting Banstead High Street to help their studies. Pupils will look at describing and understanding how key aspects of human and physical geography affect our world and what we can do to help.

Year 6

In Year 6 children will be extending their locational knowledge and understanding of the world around them. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. The children will be studying how to identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, equator, northern and southern hemisphere, the tropics of cancer and Capricorn, the Arctic and Antarctic circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones. In year 6 the children will also use geographical skills and fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features of an area using a range of different methods including sketch maps, plan and graphs and digital technologies. During the geography led learning journey ‘Tourism Study’, the children will be comparing different regions across the world including France and New Zealand (sometimes different countries may be chosen) to see how the physical and human geography impacts on tourism. The children will also take part in a residential trip to JCA Condover Hall in Shrewsbury.

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