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Life Skills

Relationships & Sex Education

We teach the progressive ‘Journey in Love’ relationships and sex scheme of work.

Reception: Children explore how they are all different, who they play with, how they feel about their friends and why it is important to have friends.

Year 1: Children begin to understand how they grow and develop as members of their own and God’s family discussing how love is shown within families, looking at how quickly babies grow and change and also sharing happy and sad moments with our families.

Year 2: Children know and understand they are growing and developing in a God-given community focusing on how we belong to different types of communities; how belonging makes us feel and ways we should treat one another.

Year 3: Children look at how they are changing, how they should look after themselves and how others look after them. They also look at ways to keep themselves safe and explore the qualities of a good friend, including being loyal, responsible and the importance of both forgiving and being forgiven.

Year 4: Children learn more about themselves, celebrating what is good about them and discussing ways to deal with differences they have from others. They will also discuss strategies for dealing with negative emotions. Children will be introduced to key names for both male and female body parts and their function, along with the development the baby in the womb.

Year 5: Children will become more aware of both the internal and external physical and emotional changes that accompany puberty, along with reflecting on how they have changed as individual from birth.

Year 6: Children are taught about different types of relationships, how we show love for one another, how human life is conceived and revising the stages of growth of a foetus within the womb. At this stage, changes that occur within puberty will also be recapped to enable students to be ready to cope with this stage in their own personal development.

Lower Phase Life Skills (Reception & Year 1)

Children will recognise what they like and dislike, what is fair and unfair, and what is right and wrong. They will also recognise, name and learn to deal with their feelings in a positive way through learning from their experiences and recognising what they are good at. Children will agree and follow rules for their group and classroom, beginning to understand how rules help them to play cooperatively and recognising that their actions affect themselves and others. Whilst doing this they will be introduced to the concept of teasing and bullying through social and moral dilemmas that occur and develop an understanding that there are consequences for this behaviour and how to get help should it happen to them. They will be taught that people and other living things have needs and begin to understand the process of growing from young to old and how the needs of people change overtime.

Middle Phase Life Skills (Years 2, 3 & 4)

Children will begin to recognise their worth as individuals by identifying positive things about themselves and celebrating their achievements, seeing their mistakes, making amends and setting personal goals. They will accept that their actions affect themselves and others and the need to consider other people’s feelings and try to see things from their points of view to resolve differences when necessary. Children will talk and write about their opinions, and explain their views, on issues that affect themselves and society, including reflecting on moral, social and cultural issues. They will recognise the differences and similarities between people that arise from a number of factors. Children will be made aware of the nature and consequences of racism, teasing, bullying, and aggressive behaviours and how to respond to them and ask for help. They will learn about the need forrules, how laws are made and enforced and why different rules are needed in different situations. They will that there are different kinds of responsibilities, rights and duties at home, at school and in the community, and that these can sometimes conflict with each other. Children will develop an understanding of the different types of relationships and how to stay safe.

Upper Phase Life Skills (Years 5 & 6)

Children will recognise their worth as individuals, by identifying positive things about themselves and their achievements, seeing their mistakes, making amends and setting personal goals. They will learn how to face new challenges positively by collecting information, looking for help, making responsible choices and taking action. Alongside this, they will learn about the different risks in different situations and then decide how to behave responsibly. An understanding of different relationships that exist will enable them to work out how to resolve differences, make correct decisions and explaining their choices. Pupils will gain strategies to deal with pressure applied by others to behave in an unacceptable or risky way. They will learn to talk and write about their opinions, and explain their views, on issues that affect themselves and society. As they approach puberty, share how people’s emotions change at that time and how to deal with their feelings towards themselves, their family and others in a positive way. Pupils will realise the consequences of antisocial and aggressive behaviours, such as bullying and racism, on individuals and communities and how to respond to them and ask for help and also the need to recognise and challenge stereotypes. A deeper understanding of the differences and similarities between people will be built upon, along with considering the lives of people living in other places and times, and people with different values and customs. Pupils will understand why and how rules and laws are made and enforced, why different rules are needed in different situations and how to take part in making and changing rules. They will also know that there are different kinds of responsibilities, rights and duties at home, at school and in the community, and that these can sometimes conflict with each other.

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