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Physical Education

Reception

In Reception, the children will have lessons in games skills, athletics skills, gymnastics and dance. In games and athletics the emphasis in on learning through multi skills lessons.  Multi skills is based upon developing  the children’s agility, balance and coordination for a range of different sports. In gymnastics the children investigate movement and stillness and how to find and use the space safely. They explore basic gymnastic actions on the floor and using apparatus. In dance lessons the children explore basic body actions eg jumping and turning and use different parts of their bodies to make movements. They will be encouraged to create and repeat short dances, for example an animal dance which links with a reception learning journey.

Year 1

In Year 1, the children will have lessons in games skills, athletics skills, gymnastics and dance. In games and athletics the children will start with multi skills lessons which are based upon the development of agility, balance and coordination for a range of sports and athletics activities. They will learn basic games playing skills, in particular throwing and catching.  In gymnastics the children will explore different ways of travelling, both on the floor and on apparatus and how to balance on larger parts of the body. They will practise to improve gymnastic actions and will learn to link two or three different movements together. In dance lessons the children will look at how different body actions show moods and feelings and will learn to create and perform short dances both individually and with a partner.

Year 2

In Year 2, the children will have lessons in games skills, athletics skills, gymnastics and dance. In games the children will learn to improve and apply their basic skills in small sided games. They play games that demand simple choices and decisions on how to use space to avoid opponents, keep the ball and score points. They will be introduced to basic rules and will begin to understand why rules are important in games. In athletics the children will practise to improve their performance in a number of running, throwing and jumping events. They will learn to warm up and the importance of stamina. They will start to measure and time their athletic performances. In gymnastics the children will focus on increasing their range of basic gymnastic skills. They learn to transfer what they have learned on the floor to the apparatus. They use skills and agilities individually, in combination and in sequence with the aim of showing as much control as possible.  In dance the children think about how to use movement to explore and communicate ideas, moods and feelings. Their work is inspired by a range of subjects, including a dance based upon a story they are exploring in literacy. In both gymnastics and dance the children learn to work positively and cooperatively with partners. They will watch others perform and will describe important features of their performance. The children start swimming lessons in Year 2 for which they travel to Chinthurst School pool. The children learn to swim the different swimming strokes and to build their stamina. The aim is for all children to swim 25 metres.

Year 3

In Year 3, the children will have lessons in games, athletics, gymnastics, dance and swimming. In games lessons the children will learn the skills for a range of ball games including invasion games, striking games and net/ wall games.  They will put these skills into action in small sided games. They start to learn to outwit their opponents and think about how to use skills, strategies and tactics. In athletics the children will practise to improve their performance in a number of running, throwing and jumping events. They will measure and time their performances. In gymnastics the children will focus on improving the quality of their movement, e.g. by stretching fingers and toes. They plan and perform sequences of contrasting actions and develop flow by linking actions smoothly and with changes in speed.  In dance the children create and perform dances, focusing on creating, adapting, and linking a range of dance actions. These are inspired by a variety of subjects, including some traditional, social or historical dance, e.g a dance inspired the ancient Egyptians, a Year 3 learning journey. The children continue swimming lessons in Year 3, for which they travel to the Chinthurst School pool.  The children all have a course of nine swimming lessons. The children learn to swim the different swimming strokes and to build their stamina.  The aim is for all children to swim 25 metres.

Year 4

In Year 4, the children will have lessons in games, athletics, gymnastics, dance and OAA. In games lessons the children practise to improve their skills and learn to play with greater fluency and accuracy in invasion games, striking games and net/wall games.  They learn simple attacking tactics and start to think about how to organise themselves to defend their goals.  In athletics the children will practise to improve their performance in a number of running, throwing and jumping events and will measure and time their performances. In gymnastics the children will learn and improve the performance of gymnastics movements  and develop greater control and precision. They will show symmetry and asymmetry  in balances and movements. They will practise and perform sequences of movements on both the floor and apparatus mostly with a partner. In dance the children will focus on creating characters and narrative through movement and gesture.  They will respond imaginatively to a range of stimuli to create simple movement patterns either individually or with a small partner or small group. In swimming any children who continue to be weak and are not able to swim 25 metres will be taught in a small group in the summer term. In Year 4 the children spend two days and one night at High Ashurst outdoor learning centre where they develop skills from the OAA curriculum.

Year 5

In Year 5, the children will have lessons in games, athletics, gymnastics, dance and OAA.  In games lessons the children practise to improve their skills in invasion games, striking games and net/wall games.  They learn how to work well as a team when attacking and explore a range of ways to defend. They play small sided games, but also start to play in a 7-a-side team in football or 5-a-side in netball. In athletics the children will practise to improve their performance in a number of running, throwing and jumping events and will measure and time their performances. They develop a greater understanding of the importance of fitness and stamina. In gymnastics the children explore a wider range of actions and explore more difficult ways to perform. They use skills and agilities individually, in pairs and in groups of three. They create longer sequences to perform for an audience. In dance the children think about how to use movement to explore and communicate ideas and issues. They create, perform and watch dances in a range of styles working with a partner or a group.In PE lessons the children are encouraged to observe and comment upon the performance of others and suggest ideas on how to improve.

Year 6

In Year 6, the children will have lessons in games, athletics, gymnastics, dance and OAA. In games lessons the children start to play mini-versions of invasion games including football, hockey and netball.  The children think about how to use skills, strategies and tactics to outwit the opposition. They develop their understanding of the position they are playing in a team and how to contribute to attacking and defending play. They also play striking games e.g. kwik cricket and net games, e.g. tennis. In athletics the children will practise to improve their performance in a number of running, throwing and jumping events and will measure and time their performances. They develop a greater understanding of the importance of fitness and stamina. The children think about how to achieve the greatest possible speed, height, distance or accuracy. In gymnastics the children use their knowledge of compositional principles e.g how to use variations in speed, level and direction, how to combine and link actions and how to relate to partners and apparatus to develop sequences which show an awareness of their audience. They will work in small groups to create sequences to music. In dance the children work creatively and imaginatively on their own, with a partner or in a group to compose motifs and structure simple dances which they perform fluently and with control. They will also increase their knowledge of dance styles from different social, historical and cultural contexts. In swimming the children who continue to be weak in swimming will be given some booster lessons in the summer term with the aim of swimming 25 metres. In Year 6 the children participate in a week’s residential visit to Condover Hall where they develop skills from the OAA curriculum.

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