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In Reception, science is taught through the EYFS curriculum within the area of learning called Understanding the World.


In Year 1 the topics covered are: the year’s story of a tree (including parts of a plant); materials and their properties and animals/humans and their habitats.

In Year 2 the topics covered iare: everyday materials; living things and their habitats; plant growth and animal reproduction and their basic needs.

In KS1 children use the skills of observation (e.g. looking at trees in different seasons in Year 1) ; pattern seeking (e.g. leaf patterns in trees in Year1), grouping and classifying things (e.g. looking at different materials in Year 2), carrying out comparative tests (e.g. conditions necessary for a plant to grow in Year 2) and researching using secondary sources (e.g. habitats in Year1).  Children will learn how to use scientific language to talk about what they have discovered.


In Year 3 the topics covered are: rocks; animal nutrition and skeleton and muscles; lifecycles of flowering plants; light and forces & magnets.

In Year 4 the topics covered are: living things and their habitats (including grouping and keys); states of matter (including the water cycle); the digestive system; electricity (circuits and switches) and sound.

In Year 5 the topics covered are: lifecycles, forces (including levers and pulleys); Earth and space; animals including humans and properties and changes of materials.

In Year 6 the topics covered are: classification of living things; light; electricity (buzzers and symbols); evolution and inheritance and the circulatory system (how nutrients are transported around the body and the impact of exercise and diet on lifestyle).

The skills acquired in KS1 will be further developed in KS2 with children in early KS2 carrying out a fair test and learning how to draw conclusions using scientific language (e.g. conducting an experiment to find out how the pitch of a string instrument is effected by the tautness of the string in Year 4).  In upper KS2 children will select the most appropriate ways to answer a scientific question (e.g. conduct an experiment to find out which material is the best thermal insulator in Year 5), draw conclusions and use their scientific knowledge and understanding to explain their findings. 

In both KS1 and KS2 children will learn about great scientists and their discoveries, e.g. Ruth Benerito who discovered wrinkle-free cotton; Isaac Newton who helped to develop the theory of gravitation and Jane Goodall an animal behaviourist.

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